Shyamsunder Panchavati

Shyamsunder Panchavati
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Sunday, October 31, 2010

Social Entrepreneurship Presentation

Social Entrepreneurship

Text and the power point presentation of the lecture delivered by me at Young Indian Entrepreneurs on 31st October at Hyderabad India on the topic.

"Social Entrepreneurship: A Change in perspective, from “Not for Profit” activity to a "transaction" towards Social Assets Accumulation"

“I am extremely happy to note that so many young entrepreneurs have taken time today to attend my lecture on Social Entrepreneurship. I hope this will probably help in removing misgivings in the minds of the youngsters about Social Entrepreneurship.

Social Entrepreneurship is an entrepreneurial effort like any other business. Only difference is, it is wholly or partially cause driven and more often than not, it complements in terms of increased brand equity to the brand that supports it.

The debate about the capitalism and “All Truism” is eternal and will continue till eternity. We arenow looking at a model that is a combination of the two. “All truisms” is a noble concept, but it is too noble a concept to sustain. What is an ideal combination depends on geographic, demographic and other factors. However there has to be a flexibility and scalability in action & approach as per the need and situation.

Social commitment and Business ethics can co-exist as has been shown by many social entrepreneurs. Prof. Mohd. Yunus’s Grameen Foundation has been doing it since 1980s in Bangladesh, where 95% of Bank’s Capital is owned by poor farmers and 97% of the borrowers are women. The people who were borrowers at one time have settled down in their business have now become investors in the same bank. “A unique case of beneficiary becoming a benefactor”

Social business as Prof. Yunus would like to call it, does not entail working without profits. The organizations do make profit, but the investors only get back their investment when the organization becomes self-sustaining. They do not take back any profit.

Any normal entrepreneur can invest an amount that is easily dispensable for him in to the social business and continue with the rest in his normal business. Prof Yunus also does not advocate social business at the cost of self-survival.

The marriage of capitalism and altruism is never very comfortable. One is about making money. The other, though often indirectly, is about giving money.

In India, which still has a socialist ethos, there is distaste for extreme monetary objective behind social lending, and what some might even perceive as greed.

The Difficulty of Being Good

Globally, the social development model accounts for about 90% of microfinance organizations, but 10% of profit-oriented providers are very large and account for over half of the industry assets.

The nonprofits lend more to the bottom of the pyramid while the for-profits tend to focus on a slightly higher tier. Also nonprofits are more likely to go for group-lending while for-profits go largely for individual-lending.

India is a land of unlimited human capital; can human capital be leveraged to build social capital?
550 million youth and still counting…. These need to be transformed into Young Indian Entrepreneurs, and their dreams need to be converted over a period of time into solid, tangible, successful business propositions.
China is the fastest growing economy in the world. It has now replaced Japan as the second largest economic power. All this because they have adopted the social model and excellently leveraged their human capital assets.

Dr. Kalam feels that there is much more to business than investment and capital. It is the commitment to take India forward to leadership position in the comity of nation. For this he feels that the youth need to be ignited to work for self-development. When an individual develops, nation automatically develops. It has been has been proved true in India‘s case.

India today is the second fastest growing economy in the world. Now this represents   phenomenal growth. This growth is contributed to by small entrepreneurs located in more than 600,000 villages in India which delves its rural economy. More than 65% of the population is dependent on rural agriculture or agriculture related business.

This is the strength of the rural work that has to be leveraged. Varghese Kurian in 1946 started the movement by mobilizing the farmers in Khaira district. He formed a confederation of small farmer cooperatives into a farmer’s movement. The movement slowly spread across to all the districts of the state and transformed itself into a revolution “The White Revolution” and created a brand “Amul”, and when Amul calls itself “Taste of India”. It is not only justified, it also reflects people extreme association with the brand that has madeIndian farmers famous throughout the world.

Social Entrepreneurship should not be considered to be a giveaway. It is a value enhancer in more ways than one to an enterprise.

Let us briefly examine how it helps in various domains.

Business and academia

There are many instances where associations were formed between the two benefiting both immensely thus promoting the cause of education.Some of them being

Google and Stanford


Progressive software and Cambridge University

NGOs and Entrepreneurs

Change in perspective from adversaries to partners. There was a time when the businesses used to avoid the NGOs and were very protective in revealing information  to them. Now the times have changed international organizations like Oxfam and Greenpeace, have forged associations with the corporates and are complementing each other’s efforts in serving the social cause.

Each day represents a success conquering a new horizon in the entrepreneurs commitment towards the social cause. This is a new augury for the future of social entrepreneurship. 

Let us hope and pray for the development of this domain, because in it lies the upliftment and development of millions of young, energetic, and ignited youth the world over.

Thanks for your patience in listening to me.

Best wishes to Young Indian Entrepreneurs.

Saturday, October 23, 2010

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Tuesday, October 19, 2010

All the Politicians suffer from AIDS

Accelerated Immune Delivery Syndrome
(A Quality product from the Devil’s workshop)

I think all the politicians (in India at least) suffer from this syndrome. Politicians get infected with this disease at the beginning of their career and this grows slowly but surely with the growth in their careers.

This condition is caused by a retro virus called “power”. In India at least it is hereditary (and may be dynastic also) as it is passed from father to the offspring. Recently one such example of father to son transmission of “power” was noticed in North Korea. There could be other examples of this in other countries as well.

This is called retrovirus because; it acts like the HIV virus in slowly decreasing the concern for good human values. While the vocabulary continues to be prophetic, actions slowly degenerate into satanic culture. This is matched by the accelerated delivery of immune mechanism. This results in the person being immune to insults, criticism, ignominy, character assassination and others. on account of occurrence of certain symptoms which manifest themselves in to a syndrome. Hence it called as

Accelerated Immune Delivery Syndrome (AIDS)


The most prominent symptom of this condition is that Heart begins to shrink,( दिल तंग हो जाता है and there is hardly any room for feelings in it for even the family members.

The Brain expands and becomes hyperactive. It works tirelessly to work on ideas of discrimination, deceit, and defraud.

With the expansion of the Brain, A special memory cache is created to store wicked and crooked ideas.
The infected person develops a thick skin and is not affected by attacks, Physical, Mental, and Psychological.
He develops a general aversion to past relationships, personal and professional, and tends to form need based relationships based on other person’s capability to influence things favorably.

Occurrence of selective amnesia of convenience has been noticed in some patients..This results in forgetfulness about the promises and commitments made to people, however memory related  to receivables remains intact.

The person develops affinity towards spotless white attire, possibly to cover the spots on his soul and character.

Sometime the retrovirus “power” can get into an inactive phase and gets into a cystic condition. The infected person gets into a “no power” condition also called withdrawal symptoms.. This condition can be caused by the after effects of an environment called “election defeat”.

The withdrawal symptoms are sometimes more acute and severe than the infection symptoms. This condition results in the partial or total dysfunction of a part of the brain called cerebellum. The infected person tends to lose mental balance which results in speech and actions which are abnormal.

Note: Studies are underway to determine exactly to what extent an infected person can fall in esteem,morals,& scruples, we will update you with the stats as soon as we get it.


This condition can be prevented by inculcating good habits and Human Values from the childhood. Some politicians have implemented this and have set an excellent  example t in honest leadership and governance.

Certain NGOs with direct and indirect guidance from Dr. Abdul Kalam are working towards this objective by picking children from the school and imparting them the importance of Human Values, Time Management, Physical Mental & Psychological Development, Academic and Social and Cultural Values. These children are expected to grow up into future leaders of India and lead India to lead the world by 2020 in all aspects.

This is when this disease is expected to be wholly ad totally eradicated from India at least.

However such a huge task cannot be accomplished only by a handful of dedicated NGOs. Everyone can contribute in their way towards the eradication of dreadful disease.

Thanks for reading this article and please do whatever you can towards fulfilling Dr. Kalam’s vision for India by 2020.

If you like this, please share,"Like" or retweet this.

Best wishes to all of us and India,


(Shyamsunder Panchavati)

Saturday, October 9, 2010

Big names often deliver small in Education ऊँची दुकान, फीका पकवान

Big names & places often deliver small in the field of education.

ऊँची दुकान, फीका पकवान

Politics in Education, No, No, No, Never.

Education in Politics (for politicians)???

Well, yes. But who is interested??? (Not politicians’ at least)

We have a situation in India where education institutions are mostly owned by politicians or their family members. Once a noble profession, it is now an industry. With new phrases being heard like ROI, breakeven, growth (for the institutions, not the students). In the midst of this, if we ask the question “Where are the values??” The prompt answer is “What are values? And how are they related to the industry??”

This when the corporate and the business are talking about end to end responsibility, corporate social responsibility, social accountability. Just when the commercial world is going societal, Education has totally transformed itself into a commercial entity.

Most of the educational institutions are investor run, Investors are the decision makers. However their ignorance is in a larger quantum then their knowledge when it comes to Academics. And this (ignorance) is what they contribute to the organization.The academicians associated have no say when it comes to financial matters like investments, salaries & amenities. Their time is mostly consumed in either defending or correcting the wrong speech and the actions of the investors.

This being the situation, how then is it possible for Academic staff to work for the elevation of imparting & comprehension standards. They also slowly get into an laid back mindset and start working more for their own survival then the prestige of the institution.

This is a stage where the citadel of education transform themselves into profit centers for business.  The names remain big but delivery is Small, Substandard and Insubstantial.

We have to search with magnifying glass to locate an institution owned and run by the educationist. The prestigious institutions of yesteryear that were delivering value along with the education have become irrelevant and redundant in today’s context. Parents are no longer sending their children here because these institutions lack the glamour and the corporate status.They are mostly catering to the economically poor students who are not able to afford five star cost of the corporate institutions. 

This being the scenario, you feel a breath of fresh air when you visit the few prestigious institutions, which have been there since a long time delivering value in education and still continuing the same. Some of the University campuses (only some) have still retained the same serenity, dignity, simplicity, and continue to be the temples of learning; they were once famously regarded as.

One thing I have found very surprising, (and reassuring) is that educational institutions located in smaller towns are maintaining higher  standards in education than their counterparts located in larger towns, districts, cities and metros. The student quality is also is very high. They may be low on the general knowledge IQ, but are very high on relevant subject knowledge IQ. Reverse is the case with the students from larger cities where general & social media IQ is very huge resulting in a much depleted subject IQ. These I tell you are the students from the so called prestigious institutions owned by the famous politicians.

I humbly request the organisations going for the campus recruitment to probe the colleges in the rural areas if they are serious about techno savvy candidates, instead of socio savvy candidates.

What is the remedy for the present situation?

Now how to transform these institutions from centers imparting curriculum, to temples imparting values and education?

Please join the discussions with your valuable inputs.

Best wishes,

Please also read my  featured article in wiki " How to impart STEM education to your children"

"When it comes to technological innovation, the United States remains number one. Yet, among 15-year-olds worldwide, the US ranks 29th in math literacy, falling behind Finland, Croatia, the Czech Republic, and Liechtenstein. This means that the US delivers a less-than-excellent education in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM education). Due to the declining quality of public primary and secondary education as well as an overall lack of financial and societal support (only 10 percent of children's TV characters are scientists or engineers), fewer young American students are showing an interest in STEM education".